latte and cappuccino

Are you a coffee enthusiast who wants to know the key differences between four classic coffee drinks - latte, cappuccino, macchiato, and frappuccino? In this ultimate coffee guide, we're breaking down the milk, espresso, and foam used, the brewing methods, and the taste profiles of these four drinks. Get ready to discover your new favorite coffee drink and become an expert in coffee choices!

Latte vs Cappuccino vs Macchiato vs Frappuccino: An Overview

In this section, we will explore the differences and similarities between four popular coffee beverages: latte, cappuccino, macchiato, and frappuccino. Each of these drinks has its unique characteristics, ingredients, and taste profiles.


A latte is a coffee drink made with a single shot of espresso and topped with a generous amount of steamed milk. It typically has a 1:6 to 1:8 espresso to milk ratio, resulting in a milder coffee flavor. The drink is often characterized by its milky and creamy texture, as well as its relative sweetness when compared to cappuccino or macchiato. Lattes are also famous for their intricate art designs skillfully created on the frothy surface, showcasing the barista's creativity.


Cappuccino is another espresso-based drink consisting of equal parts espresso, steamed milk, and milk foam. The espresso to milk ratio is approximately 1:1.5, which makes the overall coffee flavor much stronger than a latte. A cappuccino presents a balanced taste of coffee and milk without being too intense. The frothy layer of milk foam on top helps provide a lighter texture and contributes to the drink's distinct appearance.


A macchiato is a strong coffee drink made with two shots of espresso, marked with just a small amount of steamed milk, resulting in 85 grams of caffeine per 2-ounce serving. Since the espresso to milk ratio is much higher in macchiato compared to latte or cappuccino, it has a more intense and robust coffee flavor. The dot of milk foam on top serves as a visual indicator of the drink, hence the name "macchiato," which means "stained" or "spotted" in Italian.


Frappuccino is a trademarked drink offered by Starbucks, and it differs significantly from the other three coffee drinks as it is a cold and blended beverage. Starting with a base of brewed coffee or espresso, a frappuccino includes crushed ice, milk or cream, and other flavorings or sweeteners, such as syrups, fruit juices, or whipped cream. The drink is often served with a topping of whipped cream and optional drizzle of chocolate or caramel sauce. While the frappuccino does share some traits with coffee milkshakes, it maintains a distinct identity due to its customizable nature and popularity at Starbucks establishments.

In summary, latte, cappuccino, macchiato, and frappuccino are each unique coffee beverages, with their ingredients, ratios, and flavor profiles. Whether you prefer the creamy latte, the balanced cappuccino, the intense macchiato, or the refreshing frappuccino, there is a coffee drink to match your taste preferences. And for those who are passionate about serving these delightful beverages in a professional setting, investing in a top-quality commercial espresso machine can make all the difference. Whether you're looking to buy a commercial grade espresso maker or are curious about the various espresso machines for commercial use available in the market, the right equipment ensures that every cup is brewed to perfection.

Ingredients and Flavor Profiles

Coffee Base

Lattes, cappuccinos, macchiatos, and frappuccinos all use espresso as their coffee base. Espresso is a concentrated form of coffee made by forcing hot water through finely ground beans. It delivers a strong, bold flavor that serves as the foundation for these popular beverages.

Milk Types

The milk used in these drinks can greatly impact their taste and texture. Lattes and cappuccinos both involve steamed milk, while macchiatos use a combination of steamed and foamy milk. Frappuccinos, on the other hand, are ice-blended beverages that typically include milk or a dairy-based liquid.

  • Latte: Composed of approximately 1/3 espresso and 2/3 steamed milk, topped with a thin layer of milk foam. Lattes have a mild, creamy flavor with a subtle coffee taste.
  • Cappuccino: Made with equal parts of espresso, steamed milk, and foamed milk. Cappuccinos offer a stronger coffee flavor, balanced by the rich foam and subtle sweetness of the milk.
  • Macchiato: Consists of 50% espresso and 50% steamed milk, often with a dollop of foamed milk on top. Macchiatos provide a bolder coffee experience, showcasing the espresso taste over the milk.
  • Frappuccino: A blended ice beverage, featuring espresso and milk, often mixed with flavored syrups, sauces, or sweeteners, and topped with whipped cream. Frappuccinos deliver a sweet, chilled experience, with the coffee flavor often less pronounced.

Flavoring Syrups and Sauces

Flavoring syrups and sauces can transform these coffee drinks into delightful taste experiences. Popular flavor additions include vanilla, caramel, and chocolate.

  • Vanilla: A versatile and popular flavor that adds a smooth, sweet taste to any coffee beverage.
  • Caramel: A rich, buttery flavor that enhances the coffee's natural sweetness and adds a decadent touch.
  • Chocolate: A classic pairing with coffee, chocolate adds a deep, luxurious flavor and harmonizes well with other flavors like caramel and vanilla.

The choice and intensity of flavoring depend on personal preferences and can often be customized when ordering at a coffee shop.


To adjust the sweetness of these beverages, various sweeteners can be used. White or brown sugar is a common option, but alternative sweeteners such as honey, agave, or artificial sugar substitutes can also be utilized.

  • Sugar: A classic choice for adding sweetness and balancing the bitterness of espresso.
  • Honey: A natural sweetener that imparts a distinct floral note, adding unique depth to the beverage.
  • Agave: Another natural option, agave offers a clean, slightly fruity sweetness without the distinct taste of honey.
  • Artificial sugar substitutes: An option for those looking to reduce calorie intake or manage sugar levels, while still enjoying a sweet-tasting coffee drink.

The selection of sweeteners allows for customization, enabling individuals to tailor their drink to their desired taste and dietary preferences.

Ratio and Composition

Espresso to Milk Ratio

The three popular espresso drinks—latte, cappuccino, and macchiato—differ significantly in their espresso to milk ratios, which also influences their flavors and caffeine content. In a latte, the ratio of espresso to steamed milk is approximately 1:3, making it the mildest of the three. A cappuccino has a more balanced ratio of 1:1:1, with equal parts espresso, steamed milk, and milk foam.

Macchiato, on the other hand, has the highest ratio of espresso to milk, usually ranging from 4:1 to 9:1. This results in a bolder coffee flavor in macchiatos compared to lattes and cappuccinos. Frappuccinos, while not an espresso-based drink, typically consist of a blend of coffee or espresso, milk, ice, and flavorings, with whipped cream and various toppings adding to its unique appeal.

Drink Espresso to Milk Ratio
Latte 1:3 (Espresso to Steamed Milk)
Cappuccino 1:1:1 (Espresso, Steamed Milk, Milk Foam)
Macchiato 4:1 to 9:1 (Espresso to Milk)
Frappuccino Varies (Coffee or Espresso, Milk, Ice)

Foam and Froth

Foamed milk is another factor that differentiates these espresso beverages. Lattes have a small layer of frothed milk on top, while the key component of a cappuccino is its equal ratio of espresso, steamed milk, and milk foam, leading to a thicker layer of foam. Macchiatos often use a denser, smaller dollop of foam to complement the strong coffee flavor.

Milk froth adds texture and mouthfeel to espresso drinks, altering the flavor and overall experience. A well-made latte should have a creamy consistency from its steamed milk, while a cappuccino should be more airy with its thicker foam layer. The macchiato's milk froth adds a touch of creaminess to the otherwise bold coffee flavor. Frappuccinos do not have milk foam but instead rely on the whipped cream topping for added texture and richness.

To sum up, the espresso to milk ratios, foam content, and specific drink preparations determine the unique characteristics, flavors, and textures of lattes, cappuccinos, macchiatos, and frappuccinos.

Traditional Background and Variations

Italian Origins

The coffee culture in Italy has a long history, and varieties like latte, cappuccino, macchiato, and frappuccino have their roots in Italian tradition. Each of these coffee drinks exhibits a distinct character that is derived from the brewing methods and ingredients involved.

A latte, which translates to "milk" in Italian, is famous for its creamy and mild coffee flavor. It typically consists of a 1:3 to 1:9 espresso to milk ratio, creating a distinct coffee taste with a lighter, smoother texture. The Italian cappuccino, on the other hand, has an approximate 1:1.5 espresso to milk ratio, making it bolder and more robust than a latte.

Macchiatos are known for their strong espresso-forward flavor that dominates the drink. With a 4:1 to 9:1 coffee-to-milk ratio, this drink originated in Italy as "caffè macchiato," meaning "stained coffee," because the espresso is "stained" with a dollop of milk foam.

Frappuccinos, though inspired by traditional Italian coffee drinks, were popularized by American coffee shops. These blended iced beverages often feature coffee, milk, and various flavorings, topped with whipped cream, creating a dessert-like drink.

Common Variations

These classic Italian beverages have evolved, and today, countless variations can be found in coffee shops worldwide. Among the common variations are:

  • Latte: Baristas often experiment with flavors and latte art to create unique, flavorful cups of coffee. Lattes can come in numerous flavors, such as vanilla, caramel, and mocha, and often feature visually stunning froth designs on the surface.
  • Cappuccino: Coffee enthusiasts may encounter variations like dry cappuccinos, which have a greater amount of milk foam and less steamed milk, or wet cappuccinos, which contain more steamed milk for a creamier texture.
  • Macchiato: In addition to the traditional espresso macchiato, many coffee shops also offer the caramel macchiato, which includes layers of steamed milk, caramel syrup, vanilla syrup, and a double shot of espresso.
  • Frappuccino: These popular iced beverages come in countless flavors, often combining coffee with indulgent ingredients like chocolate chips, caramel sauce, or cookie crumbs, offering a creative twist to classic Italian drinks.

By providing this traditional background on these beloved coffee drinks, customers can better understand the origins and nuances behind lattes, cappuccinos, macchiatos, and frappuccinos while gaining an appreciation for the Italian roots that inspired these beverages.

Texture and Taste


When comparing the texture and taste of lattes, cappuccinos, macchiatos, and frappuccinos, the smoothness of each beverage has its unique characteristics. Lattes are well-known for their creamy and smooth texture, with a higher milk-to-espresso ratio, resulting in a milder coffee flavor. Cappuccinos, on the other hand, have a more frothy and airy texture, due to the mix of steamed milk and milk foam. The texture of a macchiato is more akin to a straight espresso, as they typically contain only a small amount of milk or foam, often resulting in a bolder and more robust flavor. Frappuccinos, being a blended iced beverage with a base of coffee or other ingredients, have a cold and thick texture, often similar to a milkshake.

Caffeine Content

The caffeine content varies among these four types of coffee beverages:

  • Latte: A latte typically contains around 68 mg of caffeine per serving, depending mainly on its espresso quantity.
  • Cappuccino: Cappuccinos have a similar caffeine content to lattes, around 68 mg per serving, also determined by the amount of espresso used.
  • Macchiato: Macchiatos usually have a higher caffeine content - about 136 mg per serving - as they often use a double shot of espresso.
  • Frappuccino: The caffeine content in frappuccinos can greatly range, depending on the type and the coffee base used. They generally contain between 69 mg to 185 mg of caffeine per serving.

In terms of flavor and taste, cappuccinos are milder than macchiatos, but still possess a strong coffee flavor. Lattes are the mildest among the four, having a higher milk-to-coffee ratio, resulting in a sweeter taste and less intense coffee flavor. Macchiatos offer a bolder and more robust coffee experience due to the higher concentration of espresso. Lastly, frappuccinos vary in flavor depending on the specific ingredients used, with some being sweeter and creamier and others having a stronger coffee taste.

By understanding the differences in texture and taste between lattes, cappuccinos, macchiatos, and frappuccinos, customers can make more informed decisions when choosing their desired coffee beverage.

Popular Coffee Shop Offerings

Starbucks Favorites

Starbucks, a popular coffee shop chain, offers a variety of espresso-based beverages to cater to different tastes. Customers can enjoy a range of options including Lattes, Cappuccinos, Macchiatos, and Frappuccinos. Here's a brief overview of these favorites:

  • Latte: This creamy espresso selection combines espresso with steamed milk and tops it with a layer of milk foam. They can be served hot or iced, with the iced version mixing espresso with cold milk.
  • Cappuccino: Made with equal parts espresso, steamed milk, and milk foam, cappuccinos offer a balance of bold coffee flavor and velvety texture. The use of high-quality coffee beans for the espresso shot is recommended to achieve the perfect taste balance.
  • Macchiato: Macchiatos contain a splash of milk added to an espresso shot, with the beverage consisting of roughly 50% espresso and 50% steamed milk. This results in a stronger, more concentrated coffee flavor.
  • Frappuccino: A blended ice coffee drink, Starbucks' Frappuccino originally used espresso but now utilizes a Frappuccino roast. It is typically mixed with different flavors, milk, and ice, and often topped with whipped cream or other toppings.

Common Menu Items

There are several common items found on coffee shop menus, which often include variations of the aforementioned beverages:

  • Cafe Mocha: Prepared with espresso, steamed milk, and chocolate syrup, cafe mochas offer a delightful combination of coffee and chocolate flavors. They can be prepared with or without milk foam and whipped cream.
  • Flat White: Flat Whites contain a double shot of espresso topped with steamed milk, offering a stronger flavor compared to lattes due to the higher coffee-to-milk ratio.
  • Cortado: Cortados are made with equal parts espresso and warm milk, delivering a smooth, approachable balance of flavors.
  • Cold Brew: Cold brews are made by steeping coarsely ground coffee beans in cold water for an extended period of time. They offer a different flavor profile compared to iced coffee drinks, generally being smoother and less acidic.

To summarize, coffee shops like Starbucks offer a variety of espresso-based beverages, each with its unique characteristics, to cater to their wide and diverse customer base. Regardless of personal preferences, there's likely a drink that will satisfy any coffee lover's craving when they visit their local café.

Health and Nutritional Considerations

When comparing latte, cappuccino, macchiato, and frappuccino, it's essential to consider the health and nutritional aspects. This section will focus on calorie count and fat content as key considerations while enjoying these delicious beverages.

Calorie Count

  • Latte: Lattes typically contain the most calories among these drinks due to their higher milk content. A 16-ounce (480-gram) serving of latte may contain around 210 calories.

  • Cappuccino: With a smaller amount of milk, cappuccinos have fewer calories than lattes. A 16-ounce (480-gram) serving of cappuccino provides about 130 calories.

  • Macchiato: Macchiatos have the least milk among these options, which results in fewer calories. A 2-ounce (60-gram) serving of macchiato contains roughly 40 calories.

  • Frappuccino: As a blended drink, frappuccinos can vary greatly in calories depending on added ingredients such as flavored syrups, whipped cream, or chocolate drizzle. A 16-ounce (480-gram) serving can range from 200 to 500 calories.

Fat Content

  • Latte: Lattes often use 2% fat milk or whole milk; therefore, they have more fat content compared to other drinks. A 16-ounce (480-gram) serving of a latte made with whole milk contains around 8 grams of fat.

  • Cappuccino: Cappuccinos are made with whole milk, which contributes to their fat content. A 16-ounce (480-gram) serving of cappuccino contains approximately 5 grams of fat.

  • Macchiato: Macchiatos are prepared with whole milk but have a lower milk quantity, resulting in a lower fat content. A 2-ounce (60-gram) serving of macchiato contains about 2 grams of fat.

  • Frappuccino: The fat content of frappuccinos can vary significantly due to the various ingredients used. A 16-ounce (480-gram) serving can have between 3 and 20 grams of fat, depending on the recipe.

It's important to note that these numbers can vary depending on factors such as the type of milk used (skim, almond, soy, etc.) and the addition of extra ingredients. Be sure to keep these considerations in mind when choosing your beverage.

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Tony Barlow

Tony Barlow

Majesty Coffee Technical Sales Expert - Meet the Team

Tony Barlow, with over a decade of experience in the coffee industry, is the go-to technical sales expert at Majesty Coffee. He's passionate about helping businesses find the right espresso equipment for their needs.

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