latte and cappuccino

Are you a coffee enthusiast who loves to explore different coffee drinks? In this comprehensive comparison, we're putting three classic coffee drinks - latte, cappuccino, and americano - head to head. Get ready to learn about the milk, espresso, and water used, the brewing methods, and the taste profiles of these three drinks. Which one will be your new favorite for a morning pick-me-up or an afternoon break? Let's find out!

Latte vs Cappuccino vs Americano: Key Differences

In this section, we will discuss the key differences between three popular espresso-based coffee beverages: latte, cappuccino, and americano. By understanding the unique characteristics of each drink, you can choose the one that suits your taste preferences.


A latte, also known as caffe latte, is an espresso-based coffee beverage that originated in Italy. It has a coffee-to-milk ratio that ranges from 1:3 to 1:9, making it quite milky and creamy. The drink typically consists of one or two shots of espresso, steamed milk, and a small amount of foam. Its flavor is less intense compared to cappuccino or americano, as the large amount of milk dilutes the espresso's taste. An iced latte variation is made by simply combining ice, espresso, and cold milk.


Cappuccino is another Italian espresso-based drink that is characterized by its distinct layers. A classic cappuccino has equal proportions of espresso, steamed milk, and milk foam, maintaining a 1:1:1 ratio. This gives the cappuccino a balanced, rich flavor and a velvety texture. The foam layer on the top serves to insulate the drink, keeping it warm for a longer time. Unlike a latte, the cappuccino has a stronger espresso flavor due to the reduced amount of milk, making it a popular choice for those who appreciate the taste of coffee with a creamy touch.


An americano is a more straightforward espresso-based drink, which consists of one or two shots of espresso combined with hot water. The result is a beverage with a strong, bold taste, similar to brewed coffee. Americanos typically have more caffeine content than an espresso, ranging between 95-200 mg in an 8-ounce cup. An iced americano is made by mixing espresso with cold water and pouring it over ice. This coffee option is great for those who prefer a stronger and more robust coffee flavor without the addition of milk or foam.

Each of these espresso-based drinks has its unique qualities, making them appealing to different coffee enthusiasts. The latte offers a creamy and mild taste, the cappuccino balances espresso strength with milk smoothness, and the americano provides a strong, black coffee experience. Choose the one that best aligns with your flavor preferences and enjoy!

History and Origins


The roots of these espresso-based drinks can be traced back to Italy. In the Italian culture, coffee plays a significant role, and it is where the concept of espresso was first introduced. The cappuccino, for instance, is named after the Capuchin friars, known for their brown robes, resembling the color of a well-made drink. The cappuccino, featuring a 1:1:1 ratio of espresso, steamed milk, and milk foam, was established as a popular morning drink in Italy.

World War II

The Americano, on the other hand, has its origins during and after World War II. American GIs stationed in Italy found the local espresso too strong for their liking. To make it more palatable, they added hot water to the espresso, creating the now-popular drink known as an americano, which offers a milder taste compared to straight espresso.


Australia has a thriving coffee culture, with both locals and tourists contributing to its growth. Although there is no specific birthplace within the country for these espresso-based drinks, Australians have distinguished themselves with their penchant for flat whites, which resemble lattes with less milk foam.

New Zealand

New Zealand, being close to Australia, shares a similar passion for coffee. They take pride in crafting quality drinks, with their own take on the flat white being widely favored. This passionate coffee culture has led to locals embracing and adapting the espresso-based drinks — including the cappuccino, latte, and americano — to cater to their preferences.


Yemen has a deep-rooted history with coffee, as coffee cultivation is believed to have originated in the country. Although espresso-based drinks like the cappuccino, latte, and americano did not emerge from Yemen, the long-standing relationship between the people of Yemen and coffee influenced the global coffee culture, paving the way for the development and spread of various types of coffee drinks.

From Italy to Yemen, and across Australia and New Zealand, the origins of these popular espresso-based drinks reveal the thriving, ever-evolving coffee culture spanning the globe. As the cappuccino, latte, and americano continue to be enjoyed worldwide, their rich histories remain a testament to the unifying power of coffee.

Creating the Perfect Drink


The key to creating the perfect latte, cappuccino, or americano lies in the ingredients used. The primary ingredients in each of these drinks are espresso, milk (steamed and frothed), and hot water. The differences between these drinks are mainly found in the ratios and texture of the ingredients used.

  • Latte: Mostly comprised of steamed milk with a shot of espresso, topped by a small layer of milk foam.
  • Cappuccino: A more balanced blend of equal parts espresso, steamed milk, and milk foam.
  • Americano: A simple blend of espresso and hot water, without any milk.

Espresso Machine

A high-quality espresso machine is essential for creating the base of each of these beverages. If you're serious about making these drinks with professional flair and precision, you might consider browsing the Commercial espresso machine for sale collection. The machine should be capable of producing espresso at high pressure to ensure a rich and full-bodied taste. The espresso blend and grind should be carefully selected for optimal flavor. Additionally, the machine should be equipped with a steam wand and frothing mechanism to create steamed milk and milk foam for lattes and cappuccinos. Investing in a quality machine makes all the difference in crafting the ultimate coffee experience.
Drink Espresso Steamed Milk Milk Foam Hot Water
Latte 1 Part 2-3 Parts Small Layer None
Cappuccino 1 Part 1 Part 1 Part None
Americano 1 Part None None 2-3 Parts

Barista Techniques

Proper barista techniques are crucial in achieving the desired texture and consistency of the various drink components. For instance, steamed milk should have a silky, microfoam texture for lattes, while cappuccinos demand a frothy finish.

  • Espresso: To brew the perfect shot, select a high-quality blend and ensure correct grind size, water temperature, and extraction time. Tamp the coffee grounds evenly and consistently in the portafilter.
  • Steamed Milk: For lattes, aim for microfoam by immersing the steam wand just below the milk's surface, creating a whirlpool effect with a slight hissing sound. For cappuccinos, keep the wand closer to the milk's surface to create a frothy, foamy texture.
  • Milk Foam: Use a spoon to hold back the foam when pouring steamed milk, gently adding the desired amount of foam to the latte or cappuccino.
  • Americano: Simply add the hot water to the espresso while maintaining the crema (the golden, creamy layer on top of the espresso).

By following the guidelines presented above and mastering the respective techniques, one can create a perfect latte, cappuccino, or americano to cater to any coffee lover's preferences.

Popular Variations


A Macchiato is an espresso-based drink with a small amount of frothed milk on top. This drink allows the espresso to shine through, with the milk providing a slight creamy texture. The name "Macchiato" means "stained" or "spotted" in Italian, which refers to the appearance created by the milk stain on top of the espresso.

Flat White

The Flat White is another espresso-based drink that originated from Australia and New Zealand. It is similar to a latte, but with a thinner layer of frothed milk on top. The coffee-to-milk ratio in a flat white is typically 1:2, allowing for a stronger coffee flavor compared to a latte. Flat Whites are known for their velvety and creamy texture, making them a popular choice for those who prefer a smoother coffee experience.

Long Black

The Long Black is an espresso-based drink popular in Australia and New Zealand. It is similar to an Americano but with a different preparation method. To make a Long Black, hot water is poured first, followed by a double shot of espresso on top. This method preserves the crema, giving the Long Black a richer flavor and slightly thicker body than an Americano.


A Cortado, which originated in Spain, is an espresso-based drink with an equal ratio of espresso to steamed milk. The milk used in a Cortado is less frothy than that in a cappuccino or a latte, resulting in a more concentrated coffee flavor. This drink is popular among those who enjoy the taste of espresso but prefer a slightly milder taste due to the addition of milk.

Café Au Lait

Café Au Lait is a French coffee drink made with strong coffee and hot steamed milk. The coffee-to-milk ratio is typically 1:1, making it similar in strength to a latte. Some variations use drip coffee or French press coffee instead of espresso, giving it a milder caffeine content when compared to espresso-based drinks. Café Au Lait is a popular choice for those seeking a smooth and creamy coffee experience without the strong taste of espresso.


The Affogato is a unique Italian dessert that combines espresso and gelato or ice cream. A shot of hot espresso is poured over a scoop of gelato, creating a delicious fusion of hot and cold, and a delightful contrast of flavors and textures. The Affogato is typically served as a dessert or a refreshing afternoon treat, rather than a traditional coffee drink.

Customization and Flavor Profiles


A key aspect of customization and crafting distinct flavor profiles for beverages such as lattes, cappuccinos, and americanos is the use of syrups. Espresso-based drinks can be enlivened with the addition of various flavored syrups, such as vanilla, caramel, or cinnamon. These add not only sweetness but also depth and complexity to the overall taste, allowing customers to tailor their drink to their personal preferences.

Chocolate and Cocoa Powder

For those who crave a more decadent experience, the incorporation of chocolate and cocoa powder in espresso drinks brings an indulgent twist. One popular example is the mocha, which combines chocolate with espresso and steamed milk. A light dusting of cocoa powder can enhance both the appearance and flavor of beverages like cappuccinos, giving them a rich, velvety texture and a bold, intense taste.

Alternative Milk Options

Aside from the standard use of cow's milk, specialty coffee shops now offer a variety of alternative milk options to cater to different dietary preferences and needs. Choices such as soy milk, almond milk, and oat milk can transform the creaminess and flavor of lattes, cappuccinos, and other espresso-based drinks. These alternative milk options not only provide a unique twist on traditional beverages but also cater to those with lactose intolerance or those following a plant-based diet.

Seasonal Offerings

Seasonal offerings further enhance the customization potential for espresso drinks, allowing customers to enjoy limited-time flavors that evoke festive moods. For example, during the fall, pumpkin spice lattes reign supreme, with their iconic blend of cinnamon, nutmeg, and cloves. Winter sees the rise of peppermint mochas, featuring a refreshing mix of chocolate and mint. These unique seasonal offerings bring a sense of excitement and variety to the world of lattes, cappuccinos, and americanos.

With these customization options and flavor profiles, individuals can personalize their espresso experience by choosing from an array of syrups, chocolates, alternative milk options, and seasonal offerings. The myriad possible combinations cater to diverse tastes and ensure that each espresso-based drink is tailored to the exact preferences of the person enjoying it.

Comparing Caffeine Content and Strength

In the world of coffee drinks, understanding the caffeine content and strength of various options is important for coffee enthusiasts. Among the popular coffee beverages, lattes, cappuccinos, and americanos stand out, each having distinct characteristics and flavors. In this section, the focus is on the caffeine content and strength of these three Italian coffee drinks.

Lattes are known for their creamy and smooth texture, primarily because they contain milk. They generally start with a 1:3 espresso-to-milk ratio, which can go up to 1:9. This dominating presence of milk dilutes the intensity of the espresso shot. Lattes usually contain around 173 mg of caffeine per 16-ounce serving.

Cappuccinos also have a creamy flavor, but they feature more foam than lattes. To make a cappuccino, equal parts of espresso, steamed milk, and milk foam are combined. The presence of more milk foam makes cappuccinos less diluted than lattes. The caffeine content in a cappuccino is similar to that of a latte: around 173 mg per 16-ounce serving.

On the other hand, americanos have a bolder taste and stronger caffeine content compared to lattes or cappuccinos. An americano is essentially an espresso diluted with hot water, without any milk or foam. This results in a full-bodied and intense coffee beverage, resembling drip coffee in strength and volume. An 8-ounce cup of americano contains between 95-200 mg of caffeine.

To summarize, here is a comparison of caffeine content and strengths of lattes, cappuccinos, and americanos:

  • Latte: ~173 mg of caffeine per 16-ounce serving, mild strength due to the high presence of milk.
  • Cappuccino: ~173 mg of caffeine per 16-ounce serving, slightly stronger than latte due to more milk foam.
  • Americano: 95-200 mg of caffeine per 8-ounce serving, bold and full-bodied flavor, stronger than latte or cappuccino.

Knowing these differences in caffeine content and strength can help individuals make informed choices when selecting their preferred coffee drink. Each drink caters to different taste preferences, making them suitable options for various coffee enthusiasts.

Summary and Final Thoughts

Latte, cappuccino, and americano are popular coffee drinks that have distinct differences in their preparation and taste. Understanding these differences can help one choose the right beverage that suits their preference.

A latte is an espresso-based drink that uses a 1:3 to 1:9 espresso to milk ratio. The drink contains steamed milk and a thin layer of milk foam on top. It is often considered the creamiest of these three espresso selections. Due to its higher milk content, a latte has a milder flavor, making it a great choice for those who prefer a less intense coffee experience.

On the other hand, a cappuccino is also an espresso-based drink, but with a stronger espresso flavor. The cappuccino contains equal parts of espresso, steamed milk, and milk foam. The textured milk in a cappuccino is thicker than that in a latte, giving it a more robust and full-bodied taste. For individuals who enjoy a more pronounced coffee flavor, a cappuccino can be a great choice.

The americano, unlike the other two beverages, does not contain milk. It is made by adding hot water to a shot of espresso, diluting the espresso and creating a less intense flavor compared to a traditional espresso. The strength and taste of an americano can be adjusted by varying the amount of water added. Some individuals prefer to prepare this drink by pouring the espresso over hot water, which is known as a long black. This method helps preserve the espresso's crema, adding a richer and smoother texture.

In summary, the primary differences between these three popular coffee beverages lie in their ingredients, preparation methods, and flavors. Lattes and cappuccinos both involve espresso and milk, while americanos contain only water and espresso. The espresso-to-milk ratio varies in lattes and cappuccinos, resulting in different flavors and textures. Choosing between these drinks ultimately depends on personal taste preferences and desired coffee experience.

CappuccinoLatteLatte information
Tony Barlow

Tony Barlow

Majesty Coffee Technical Sales Expert - Meet the Team

Tony Barlow, with over a decade of experience in the coffee industry, is the go-to technical sales expert at Majesty Coffee. He's passionate about helping businesses find the right espresso equipment for their needs.

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