pour over coffee

Are you tired of guessing how much coffee to use for your pour over brew? Look no further! In this detailed guide, we'll break down the perfect coffee-to-water ratio for pour over coffee, measured in grams. Whether you're a coffee connoisseur or a beginner, this guide will help you achieve the perfect cup every time.

Coffee to Water Ratio

pour over coffee

The coffee-to-water ratio is a crucial factor in determining the strength and quality of your pour over coffee. Getting the right balance of coffee grounds and water is essential to extract the best flavors from the coffee beans while avoiding over-extraction or under-extraction. In this section, we will discuss the Golden Cup Standard and the recommended pour over coffee ratio, using the units of grams, tablespoons, ounces, and milliliters.

Golden Cup Standard

The Golden Cup Standard is a coffee industry benchmark established by the Specialty Coffee Association (SCA) to ensure consistency in flavor and strength of brewed coffee. It recommends a coffee-to-water ratio of 55 grams of coffee per liter of water, which can be adjusted to taste for specific brewing methods, such as the pour over method. Converting the SCA's recommendation into commonly used units, this equates to roughly 1 gram of coffee per 18 grams (or 18 milliliters) of water.

Pour Over Coffee Ratio

For pour over coffee, a commonly recommended ratio is 1:16, which means using 1 gram of coffee grounds for every 16 grams (or 16 milliliters) of water. This ratio provides a well-balanced brew with optimal extraction, while still allowing for personal taste preferences. Here is a breakdown of the ratio using various units:

  • 1 gram of coffee per 16 grams of water
  • 1 gram of coffee per 16 milliliters of water
  • Approximately 3 tablespoons of coffee for every 300 milliliters of water
  • Approximately 3 tablespoons of coffee for every 10 ounces of water

Using the 1:16 coffee-to-water ratio as a starting point, you can adjust the ratio slightly to suit your personal taste preferences. For example, if you prefer a stronger brew, you may opt for a 1:15 ratio, using 1 gram of coffee for every 15 grams (or 15 milliliters) of water. Conversely, if you prefer a milder brew, you might use a 1:18 ratio, with 1 gram of coffee per 18 grams (or 18 milliliters) of water.

Remember that variables such as coffee bean type, grind size, and water temperature can also affect the final flavor of your pour over coffee. By using a consistent coffee-to-water ratio as a starting point, you can experiment with these factors to achieve your ideal cup of pour over coffee.

Grind Size

grind size

When it comes to pour-over coffee, the grind size plays a crucial role in ensuring a perfect cup. The grind size not only affects the extraction time but also the overall flavor of your coffee. To achieve the desired taste, it's essential to choose the right grind size for your pour-over brewing method.

Burr Grinders

Burr grinders provide a uniform and consistent grind size, which is vital for making delicious pour-over coffee. These grinders use two rotating burrs to crush the coffee beans into a consistent size, allowing for better extraction and flavor.

The ideal grind size for pour-over coffee is medium-fine. This size allows water to flow through the coffee grounds efficiently while still extracting the necessary flavors during the brewing process. A medium-fine grind is usually the best choice for cone-shaped pour-overs, vacuum brewers, and AeroPress brewers with a two to three-minute brewing time.

Measuring grind size can be done by using microns, with several resources available, such as the Kruve chart, that help reference grind size by microns. Another method is to lay out the grounds and measure using the millimeter side of a ruler, but note that this can be a messy process.

It's essential to experiment with your grinder settings and taste to find the perfect grind size for your preferred pour-over method. Here's a brief overview of various grind sizes and their suitable brewing methods:

  • Extra Coarse: Cold brew coffee brewing (e.g., Filtron or Toddy Brewer) and cowboy coffee
  • Coarse: French press and percolators
  • Medium-coarse: Chemex and flat-bottom pour-over brewers
  • Medium: Drip coffee makers and siphon brewers
  • Medium-fine: Cone-shaped pour-overs, vacuum brewers, and AeroPress (2-3 minutes brewing time)
  • Fine: Espresso machines

Ensure that your burr grinder is well-maintained and clean, as this will greatly impact the grind consistency and coffee flavor. Regularly check for residue buildup and clean the grinder as necessary to keep your pour-over coffee tasting its best.

Brewing Methods
brewing methods

The world of coffee is filled with various brewing methods, each with its unique flavor profiles and considerations. In this section, we will delve into some popular brewing methods, tailored for pour-over and their suitable coffee to water ratios to help you achieve the perfect cup of Joe.


Chemex is a pour-over brewing method known for its iconic glass design and usage of thick paper filters. This method generally requires a medium-coarse grind size and a coffee to water ratio of around 1:15. This means using 1 gram of coffee for every 15 grams of water, for example, 20 grams of coffee to 300 grams of water. The Chemex delivers a clean coffee taste, with the thick filters ensuring a sediment-free brew.

Hario V60

The Hario V60 is another popular pour-over device, featuring a conical design and ridged walls that enable a more even extraction. The ideal coffee to water ratio for this method ranges between 1:15 and 1:17, depending on your taste preferences. A medium-fine grind size is recommended. For instance, using 20 grams of coffee with 300 to 340 grams of water will yield a well-balanced cup.

French Press

While not a pour-over device, the French Press is still a popular and versatile brewing method. It involves steeping coffee grounds in hot water and then separating the grounds using a plunger with a metal mesh filter. A coffee to water ratio of 1:15 is recommended, with a coarse grind size. For example, use 30 grams of coffee with 450 grams of water for a rich, full-bodied flavor.


The Aeropress is a unique brewing method that combines elements of both immersion and pressure. It typically uses a coffee to water ratio of 1:16 with a fine to medium-fine grind size. To make a well-rounded cup of coffee, combine 17 grams of coffee with 270 grams of water. The Aeropress delivers a clean and robust tasting coffee with minimal sediment, thanks to the device's paper filters.


Siphon or vacuum brewing pairs elegance with scientific precision to create a flavorful coffee experience. This brewing method employs a 1:15 coffee to water ratio and a medium grind size, providing a vibrant and distinctive cup. For best results, use 22 grams of coffee and 330 grams of water with this method.

Moka Pot

The Moka Pot is an Italian stovetop brewing method that produces a strong, espresso-like drink. It traditionally utilizes a coffee to water ratio of 1:7 and a fine grind size. As an example, you would use 14 grams of coffee and 98 grams of water. The Moka Pot delivers an intense, bold coffee taste cherished by enthusiasts worldwide.

Cold Brew

Cold brew coffee is created by steeping coffee grounds in room temperature or cold water for an extended period, usually 12 to 24 hours. The ideal ratio for this brewing method is around 1:4 to 1:7, depending on the desired strength. For a balanced cold brew, use 100 grams of coffee to 600 grams of water with a coarse grind size. This method yields a smooth, low-acidity coffee that is perfect for hot summer days.

Drip Coffee Maker

Drip coffee makers offer convenience and ease of use, making them a popular choice for home brewing. With this method, a coffee to water ratio of 1:18 is often recommended, along with a medium grind size. For a standard 12-cup drip coffee maker, use around 60 grams of coffee with 1080 grams of water to achieve a balanced and enjoyable brew.

Measuring Coffee and Water

measuring coffee beans

Measuring coffee and water accurately is essential to achieve the perfect pour-over coffee. There are several methods and tools you can use, with some offering more precision than others. In this section, we will discuss the use of digital scales, kitchen scales, and gram scales to measure coffee and water for your pour-over.

Digital Scale

A digital scale is a popular choice for coffee enthusiasts, enabling precise measurement of both coffee grounds and water. To achieve the desired coffee to water ratio, a common recommendation for pour-over is 1:15. This means using 15 grams of water for every gram of coffee. When using a digital scale, follow these steps:

  • Place your coffee container or brewing device on the digital scale and zero or "tare" the scale.
  • Measure the desired amount of coffee grounds, typically 24 grams for a 12-ounce or 2-cup pour-over.
  • Zero the scale again.
  • Pour the water slowly, keeping track of the weight, until the desired amount of water (in this case, 360 grams) is reached.

Kitchen Scale

Kitchen scales, though not specifically designed for coffee, can still be used to measure coffee grounds and water accurately. Ensure that the kitchen scale is capable of measuring weight in grams for best results. The process of measuring with a kitchen scale is similar to using a digital scale:

  • Place the brewing device or container on the kitchen scale.
  • Zero or "tare" the scale.
  • Add coffee grounds according to the desired ratio (e.g., 24 grams for a 12-ounce pour-over).
  • Zero the scale again.
  • Pour water slowly, monitoring the weight to reach the calculated amount based on a 1:15 ratio.

Gram Scale

Similar to digital scales, gram scales provide accurate measurements which are essential for the perfect pour-over. A gram scale measures weight in grams, which makes it suitable for coffee brewing purposes. To use a gram scale:

  • Position your coffee brewing device or container on the scale and zero it.
  • Weigh the coffee grounds, typically around 24 grams for a 12-ounce pour-over.
  • Zero the scale again.
  • Slowly pour the water, watching the weight, and stopping at the desired amount (for a 1:15 ratio, this would be 360 grams of water).

In summary, it is crucial to measure coffee grounds and water accurately to create the desired pour-over coffee. Digital scales, kitchen scales, and gram scales are all viable options for measuring both components, with their individual advantages and disadvantages. Ultimately, the goal is to achieve the optimal 1:15 coffee-to-water ratio for a delicious, well-extracted pour-over coffee.

Preparation Techniques


To make a perfect pour-over coffee, it is essential to pay attention to the preparation techniques. In this section, we will cover three fundamental techniques: Bloom, Wetting, and Spiral Pour. Each of these techniques plays a crucial role in ensuring that you extract the best flavors from your coffee beans.


The bloom refers to the process of releasing carbon dioxide from the coffee grounds, which occurs when hot water first comes in contact with the coffee. Start by measuring the desired amount of coffee, typically around 25 grams for a standard pour-over. Place a clean paper filter in your pour-over dripper and put it over your mug or carafe. Pre-wet your filter with hot water to remove any paper taste and warm up your equipment. Then, proceed with the following steps:

  • Heat fresh filtered water to a temperature of 200°F. If you don't have a thermometer, bring water to a boil, then let it sit for 30 seconds to reach the desired temperature.
  • Use a gooseneck kettle for better control when pouring water.
  • Begin by pouring just enough water over the coffee grounds to saturate them. Aim for the center, and avoid pouring water directly onto the filter's edges.
  • Wait 30 seconds to allow the coffee to release carbon dioxide before continuing with the next step, Wetting.


The Wetting phase ensures that all the coffee grounds are evenly exposed to hot water, extracting the best flavors. Follow these steps:

  • As the bloom process finishes, gently pour water over the grounds using your gooseneck kettle. Aim for the center and avoid pouring water directly onto the filter's edges.
  • Maintain a constant water flow and evenly soak the coffee grounds as you gradually pour hot water.

Spiral Pour

The Spiral Pour technique is a meticulous pouring method that further ensures thorough extraction of flavors. Here's how to perform the Spiral Pour:

  • Continue pouring water using your gooseneck kettle in a slow, controlled spiral motion, working from the center to the outer edges of the coffee bed and back.
  • Remember to pour at a steady pace, maintaining the optimal water level until you've reached your desired coffee-to-water ratio (approximately 1:15).
  • Allow the coffee to finish draining through the filter fully before removing your dripper and enjoying your perfect pour-over coffee.

By following these preparation techniques and using the appropriate kettle, filters, water, and thermometer when necessary, you'll be able to create a delicious, balanced cup of pour-over coffee.

Brew Time

pour over coffee

Understanding the brew time for pour-over coffee is essential to achieve a well-balanced and flavorful cup. Brew time refers to the amount of time the coffee grounds are in contact with the water, which affects the extraction process. This section will discuss the total brew time, providing some examples and best practices for mastering this crucial aspect of pour-over coffee preparation.

Total Brew Time

The total brew time for pour-over coffee typically ranges from 3 to 4 minutes, depending on various factors such as the grind size, the coffee-to-water ratio, and the pouring technique. Choosing the right brew time is crucial in achieving the desired taste and avoiding under-extraction or over-extraction of coffee grounds.

An under-extracted coffee will taste sour and weak, lacking in the rich flavors and balanced acidity that one might expect from a good cup of pour-over coffee. On the other hand, an over-extracted coffee will taste bitter and harsh, overpowering the delicate flavors and aromas that make pour-over coffee unique.

To optimize the brewing time, it is essential to accurately measure the ingredients and follow a consistent pour-over method. The grind size and the coffee-to-water ratio both play significant roles in determining the ideal brew time. As an example, a 1:15 coffee-to-water ratio means that one part coffee should be combined with 15 parts water. To measure this accurately, it is helpful to use a scale that displays measurements in grams. This ensures that the appropriate amount of coffee and water are used for optimal brewing time and flavor extraction.

Incorporating a timer into the brewing process can help regulate the pouring technique and maintain consistency. Timers can be dedicated coffee brewing timers or simple kitchen timers, as long as they can measure seconds accurately. Timing the bloom phase, which is the initial release of CO2 from the coffee grounds when hot water is added, usually takes around 30 to 45 seconds. After the bloom, additional pours should be timed and ideally evenly spaced to keep the brew time within the 3 to 4-minute range.

In conclusion

  1. Use a precise scale to weigh the coffee and water to maintain an ideal coffee-to-water ratio.
  2. Choose a grind size suited to the type of coffee and your personal taste preferences.
  3. Time the bloom phase and additional pours, aiming for a total brew time of 3 to 4 minutes.
  4. Adjust the brewing variables as needed to achieve the desired taste and flavor balance.

By focusing on the brewing time and consistently refining the variables, you can perfect your pour-over coffee technique and enjoy an outstanding cup every time.


pour over coffee

The temperature of the water used for pour over coffee is crucial when it comes to extracting the best flavor profile from the coffee grounds. The ideal brewing temperature ranges from 195 to 205 degrees Fahrenheit (90 to 96 degrees Celsius) as it helps to avoid over-extraction, which can result in a bitter-tasting coffee, or under-extraction, which can lead to a sour and flat coffee.

One way to ensure the right temperature for pour over coffee is to use a digital thermometer. Thermometers will accurately help you achieve the desired water temperature of 205 degrees Fahrenheit (or 30 seconds away from the boiling point). If you do not have a thermometer at hand, you can let the boiling water rest for one minute before pouring it over the coffee grounds.

Heat is also crucial when it comes to prepping the pour over equipment. Prior to placing the coffee grounds to the filter, it is essential to rinse the filter and preheat the brewing equipment – such as the coffee dripper and carafe – with hot water. This helps in maintaining a consistent brewing temperature throughout the process and ensures that the coffee flavors are not compromised.

When executing the pour over method, it is important to maintain control over the water temperature and flow through precise pouring. A gooseneck kettle can be of great value here, as it aids in regulating the water flow and distribution, which ultimately affects the extraction process. Pouring slowly and steadily via spiraling motions over the coffee grounds helps keep the temperature consistent and ensures an even extraction.

In conclusion, the water temperature, heat and proper execution of the pour over technique play a pivotal role in brewing a perfect cup of coffee. By paying close attention to these factors and following the aforementioned tips, you will be well on your way to mastering the art of pour over coffee.

Extraction and Flavor

enjoy coffee

When it comes to pour over coffee, understanding extraction and flavor is essential for a satisfying cup. The extraction process affects the flavors and nuances of the coffee, and achieving the right balance is crucial for the best results.


Coffee beans come in various roasts, from light to dark, each offering a distinct flavor profile. Light roasts typically have bright, fruity, and acidic flavors, while dark roasts have full-bodied, rich, and toasty notes. Experimenting with different roasts allows you to tailor your pour over coffee to your taste preferences, as the roast level directly impacts the overall extraction.

Coffee Ratios

The coffee-to-water ratio is a crucial aspect of pour over coffee brewing because it influences both the strength and extraction of your final cup. A recommended starting point for most pour over brewers is a coffee-to-water ratio of 55-65 grams of coffee per liter of water (a mass ratio between 1:16 and 1:14). Adjusting the ratio can help you achieve the strength and taste desired. Here are some guidelines:

  • Mild: Use a 1:17 coffee-to-water ratio (about 58 grams of coffee per liter of water).
  • Medium: Use a 1:15 coffee-to-water ratio (about 66 grams of coffee per liter of water).
  • Robust: Use a 1:13 coffee-to-water ratio (about 76 grams of coffee per liter of water).

When brewing, the most accurate way to maintain a consistent ratio is to place your whole brewing rig on a digital scale. This ensures that you are using the correct amount of coffee and water for your preferred taste.

Troubleshooting and Adjustments

experimenting on coffee

In this section, we will explore how to make the necessary adjustments and troubleshoot common issues to achieve the ideal pour-over coffee. The primary keyword to consider is the brew ratio, which refers to the relationship between the amount of coffee used and the amount of water required for the brewing process. We will focus on three main factors: pressure, flow rate, and turbulence.


Pressure is an essential factor to consider while preparing pour-over coffee. Unlike espresso, pour-over relies on gravity for water to flow through the coffee grounds. In general, a good brew ratio for pour-over coffee is 25 grams of coffee to 400 grams of water. This ratio may be adjusted based on personal preference for a stronger or milder cup of coffee. It is crucial to experiment with different ratios to find the one that works best for you.

Flow Rate

The flow rate of water is another critical element to consider for pour-over coffee. The water temperature should be between 195°F to 205°F, and the ideal total brewing time should range from 3-4 minutes. A slower flow rate may result in over-extracted coffee, while a faster flow rate may lead to under-extracted coffee, impacting the overall taste and quality of the final brew. Experimenting with water temperature and flow rate will enable you to find the right balance for your preferred taste.


Turbulence refers to the agitation of water and coffee grounds during the brewing process. In pour-over coffee, adequate turbulence is necessary for even extraction and optimal flavor. One way to achieve the desired turbulence is by using a gooseneck kettle, which offers better control and precision during pouring. Pour the water in slow and steady spirals to ensure even saturation of the coffee grounds.

Consider the following variables while troubleshooting and adjusting your pour-over coffee:

  • Brew ratio: Adjust the coffee-to-water ratio to achieve your desired taste and strength.
  • Grind size: A medium-fine grind is recommended for pour-over coffee as it ensures proper extraction.
  • Water temperature: Ensure the water temperature is between 195°F to 205°F for optimal extraction.
  • Pouring technique: Pay close attention to your pouring technique, including speed and pattern, to control the flow rate and turbulence.

By addressing the factors mentioned above, you can troubleshoot and make adjustments to your pour-over coffee brewing process. Keep experimenting with different variables to find your perfect cup of coffee.

Cleaning and Maintenance

 cleaning coffee equipment

Keeping your pour-over coffee equipment clean and well-maintained is essential in ensuring optimal flavor and consistent brewing results. A clean pour-over setup allows for better extraction, more even water distribution, and ultimately, a more satisfying cup of coffee.

One key aspect of cleaning and maintenance is taking care of the filter. Using either a paper or reusable metal filter, it's essential to clean it after every brewing session. For paper filters, simply discard them after use. If using a reusable filter, rinse it thoroughly with warm water and mild dish soap if necessary, ensuring all coffee grounds and oils are removed. Avoid using abrasive cleaners or scrubbers to prevent damaging the filter. Some reusable filters can also be placed in a dishwasher for a more thorough cleaning, but always follow manufacturer instructions.

In addition to cleaning the filter, it is crucial to maintain the cleanliness of your pour-over equipment. Regularly clean the coffee brewing cone, whether it's glass, ceramic, or stainless steel. Use mild dish soap, warm water, and a non-abrasive sponge or soft brush. Ensuring that the cone is free of coffee residue and oils will help maintain the taste and quality of each brew.

Here are some additional cleaning and maintenance tips:

  • Always let your coffee equipment dry completely before storing it to prevent mold and bacteria growth.
  • Ensure your coffee grinder is clean and functioning correctly, especially when adjusting grind size for different brewing methods.
  • Periodically descale your kettle to remove mineral deposits, especially if using hard water.
  • Check all components, including seals, regularly for wear and tear, and replace them as necessary.

By committing to regular cleaning and maintenance of your pour-over brewing equipment, you'll enhance your coffee's flavor, aroma, and quality, while prolonging the life of your gear.

Resources and Tools

smell test

When it comes to determining the ideal number of grams of coffee for pour over brewing, there are several resources and tools available to help guide you in making the perfect cup of coffee.

Coffee Calculator

A coffee calculator is an excellent tool for determining the appropriate coffee-to-water ratio for your preferred brewing method. By entering the pour-over method, the desired brew strength, and the total amount of water (in fluid ounces, milliliters, or weight), a coffee calculator can provide you with the optimal coffee amount in grams, taking into account factors such as the grind size and roast level of your coffee beans.

As a general guideline, a coffee-to-water ratio between 1:16 and 1:14 is recommended for pour-over brewing, with approximately 55 to 65 grams of coffee per liter of water, depending on the roast and the preferred strength.

Specialty Coffee Association

The Specialty Coffee Association (SCA) provides valuable insights into proper pour-over coffee brewing techniques, taking into consideration factors such as the grind size, water temperature, and brewing time. The SCA's Golden Cup Standard is a set of guidelines established to ensure consistent and high-quality coffee brewing. Following these guidelines can help coffee enthusiasts achieve a well-balanced, flavorful cup of coffee.

Different coffee bean roasts (light, medium, and dark) can significantly impact the extraction process and, ultimately, the flavor of your pour-over coffee. Understanding how the roast level interacts with other elements, such as water temperature and brewing time, can help you achieve the desired taste profile and complexity.

Golden Cup Standards

The Golden Cup Standards serve as a useful reference for achieving optimal coffee brewing results, specifically focusing on factors such as the coffee-to-water ratio, grind, temperature, and extraction time. These standards promote consistency and quality, helping those using the pour-over method to achieve a perfectly balanced cup of coffee.

Incorporating these guidelines and tools, along with personal preferences, will enable you to fine-tune the amount of coffee in grams for pour-over brewing. Monitoring all components – from your selection of coffee beans and grind size to water temperature, ratio, and brewing time – is essential for producing a delightful pour-over coffee experience.


In conclusion, determining the optimal amount of coffee for a pour over brewing method is essential for a great-tasting cup of coffee. As discovered from various sources, the recommended coffee-to-water ratio is typically 1:16, which means for every gram of coffee, you should use 16 ml of water.

For those looking to make a 300 ml cup of pour over coffee, it is recommended to use around 19 grams (or approximately 3 tablespoons) of coffee grounds. Using a medium grind size is ideal for pour over brewing, as it allows for proper extraction and balances the flavors of your coffee. Following these guidelines, as well as using freshly ground coffee and proper temperature water (195°F to 205°F), will help yield a delicious final product.

Remember, practice makes perfect. The more consistently you measure and brew your pour over coffee, the better you will become at finding the perfect balance in the ratio for your taste preferences. Don't be afraid to experiment with the ratio or grind size and keep track of your findings, as everyone's preferences are unique. Happy brewing!

Tony Barlow

Tony Barlow

Majesty Coffee Technical Sales Expert - Meet the Team

Tony Barlow, with over a decade of experience in the coffee industry, is the go-to technical sales expert at Majesty Coffee. He's passionate about helping businesses find the right espresso equipment for their needs.

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