Are you tired of guessing how much coffee to use for your drip brew? In this post, we'll provide a precise measurement guide on how many grams of coffee per cup for drip brewing, so you can enjoy a consistently delicious cup of coffee.

Understanding Coffee Ratios

drip coffee

When it comes to brewing the perfect cup of drip coffee, understanding coffee ratios is crucial. The ideal coffee ratio refers to the proportion of coffee grounds (in grams) to the amount of water required for brewing. This ratio can significantly impact the taste and strength of your coffee.

Coffee to Water Ratio

The coffee to water ratio varies depending on personal preferences and the desired strength of the coffee. Some experts recommend a ratio between 1:12 and 1:17, where 1 gram of coffee is paired with 12 to 17 grams of water. A 1:12 ratio will produce a strong cup, while a 1:17 ratio will yield a milder brew. For those who prefer something in between, a 1:15 ratio is commonly suggested. It is essential to note that these ratios are based on weight, not volume, so using a kitchen scale will help achieve the most accurate measurements.

Specialty Coffee Association Recommendations

The Specialty Coffee Association (SCA) provides guidelines for brewing exceptional coffee. Their recommended coffee to water ratio falls roughly between 1:15 and 1:18, with 1:16.7 considered the "golden ratio". Following the SCA's recommendations will help ensure a well-balanced and flavorful cup of drip coffee.

Here's a quick reference for different cup sizes:

  • 6-ounce cup: 10 grams of coffee and 170 grams of water
  • 8-ounce cup: 13.5 grams of coffee and 228 grams of water
  • 12-ounce cup: 20 grams of coffee and 340 grams of water

Golden Ratio

The golden ratio, as mentioned earlier, is a coffee to water ratio of 1:16.7, which is the optimal ratio to achieve a well-rounded and balanced cup of coffee. This means that for every gram of coffee, you should use 16.7 grams (or milliliters) of water. Adhering to the golden ratio can significantly enhance the flavor and consistency of your drip coffee.

Keep in mind that adjusting the coffee ratio slightly to suit personal taste is perfectly fine. The key is to experiment and find the ideal balance that satisfies your palate while adhering to the general guidelines provided by experts.

Drip Coffee Basics

drip coffee

Drip coffee is a popular brewing method, known for its simplicity and ease of use. It produces a clean, balanced cup of coffee with each brew. In this section, we'll explore the essential aspects of drip coffee, including the brewing method, equipment and supplies, and the appropriate grind size.

Drip Coffee Brewing Method

At the core of drip coffee brewing is the process of passing hot water through coffee grounds, which are held in a filter. The water extracts the flavors from the coffee grounds as it flows through, then drips into a coffee pot or carafe below. The filter prevents any coffee grounds from entering the final brew, ensuring a smooth, sediment-free cup of coffee.

To achieve the perfect cup of drip coffee, it's important to get the coffee-to-water ratio right. Most experts recommend a brewing ratio of 1:15 to 1:17, which means 1 gram of coffee for every 15 to 17 grams of water. For example, an 8-ounce cup of coffee would require 13.5 grams of coffee and 228 grams of water, while a 12-ounce cup would require 20 grams of coffee and 340 grams of water.

Equipment and Supplies

Drip coffee makers typically consist of a water reservoir, a heating element, a coffee filter, and a carafe. To make coffee, simply fill the reservoir with water, add the appropriate amount of coffee grounds to the filter, and turn on the heating element. The brewing process is automatic from this point on.

  • Water reservoir: The water reservoir should be filled with the correct amount of fresh, cold water to achieve the desired coffee strength.
  • Heating element: Ensures that the water reaches the optimal temperature of 200 degrees Fahrenheit (93 degrees Celsius) for proper extraction.
  • Coffee filter: Can be made of paper or metal. Paper filters are disposable and provide a cleaner cup, while metal filters are reusable and create a richer flavor.
  • Carafe: Holds the brewed coffee and is typically made of glass or stainless steel. A thermal carafe is recommended for keeping the coffee warm without overcooking it.

Grind Size for Drip Coffee

Using the correct grind size for your coffee beans is crucial to achieving a balanced extraction. For drip coffee, a medium grind size is recommended. This allows for proper water flow through the grounds during the brewing process while also extracting the optimal amount of flavor.

While pre-ground coffee can be convenient, it may not provide the best taste profile, as coffee begins to lose its freshness and flavor shortly after being ground. Investing in a good-quality burr grinder allows you to grind coffee beans right before brewing, ensuring the freshest and most flavorful cup of drip coffee.

Measuring Coffee and Water

drip coffee

The key to achieving the perfect cup of drip coffee lies in using the proper ratio of coffee to water. Understanding the various methods of measuring coffee and water is crucial when it comes to brewing a great tasting coffee.

Kitchen Scales for Precision

Using a kitchen scale ensures that you get the most accurate measurements for both coffee and water. Measuring both ingredients in grams allows for precise and consistent results. A popular coffee-to-water ratio, supported by Specialty Coffee Association (SCA), is 1:16.67, which means 60 grams of coffee per 1000 grams (or milliliters) of water. Achieving these precise measurements is made easier with a kitchen scale.

Tablespoons and Scoops

Although using a kitchen scale is recommended, one can also utilize tablespoons and scoops for measuring coffee. A general rule when using tablespoons is to use two tablespoons of coffee per 8 ounces of water, resulting in a 1:4 ratio. Make sure to level off the tablespoon to ensure the measurements are consistent.

Alternatively, using a coffee scoop provides an easy way to measure the right amount of coffee. Each scoop usually holds about 7 grams of coffee, which can be used when brewing a 2-ounce serving. Adjust the number of scoops accordingly, depending on your desired serving size.

Calculating Serving Sizes

Determining the serving size for your drip coffee is essential for calculating the correct coffee and water measurements. You can tweak the coffee-to-water ratio to suit your taste preferences. For a bolder flavor, use a 1:7 ratio (1 gram of coffee for every 7 grams of water). For a milder brew, a 1:13 ratio is recommended. The classic combination is 3 grams of coffee for every ounce or 6 to 7 grams for a 2-ounce serving.

To make calculations even more convenient, you can use a coffee calculator, which can quickly provide the ideal measurements based on your desired serving size and the type of coffee you are brewing. These calculators often have presets for various brewing methods, making them handy tools for all coffee enthusiasts.

In conclusion, measuring coffee and water accurately plays a significant role in brewing the perfect cup of drip coffee. Whether you choose to use a kitchen scale, tablespoons, or scoops, consistency and precision are key. Experiment with serving sizes and ratios to find the perfect balance for your taste preferences.

Ideal Coffee to Water Ratios for Various Brewing Methods

brewing methods

The ideal coffee to water ratio can vary depending on the brewing method used. This section will explore the recommended ratios for Pour Over (V60, Chemex), AeroPress, Siphon, French Press, and Cold Brew methods.

Pour Over (V60, Chemex)

Pour over brewing methods such as the V60 and Chemex are popular for their clarity and clean taste. For these methods, a standard coffee to water ratio of 1:16 is commonly used. This translates to 1 gram of coffee for every 16 grams of water. For a typical 6oz (177mL) cup of coffee, you would need about 11.25 grams of coffee and 180 grams of water. Adjust the ratio for personal preference in strength, for a stronger cup use a 1:15 ratio and for a lighter cup use a 1:18 ratio.


The AeroPress is a versatile brewing method that allows for experimentation with coffee to water ratios. A common starting point for an AeroPress is a 1:16 ratio, similar to the pour over method. For a 6oz (177mL) cup of coffee, use 11.25 grams of coffee and 180 grams of water. Adjust the ratio based on taste preference. A higher ratio (1:14) will result in a stronger brew, while a lower ratio (1:18) will yield a smoother, lighter coffee.


Siphon coffee makers produce a unique and flavorful cup of coffee. The recommended coffee to water ratio for a siphon coffee maker is 1:16, mirroring the pour over and AeroPress ratios. Following this ratio, use 11.25 grams of coffee for a 6oz (177mL) cup, along with 180 grams of water. As with other methods, adjust the ratio based on your preference in coffee strength, with a lower ratio for stronger taste, and a higher ratio for a milder cup.

French Press

French Press brewing is known for its rich and full-bodied flavor. A standard coffee to water ratio for the French Press is 1:15, meaning 1 gram of coffee for every 15 grams of water used. For a 6oz (177mL) serving, use 12 grams of coffee and 180 grams of water. Feel free to experiment with the ratio to find your preferred strength, using either a 1:14 ratio for an even richer cup, or 1:16 for a slightly lighter result.

Cold Brew

Cold brew coffee is a refreshing option that's brewed using cold water over an extended period of time. The recommended coffee to water ratio for cold brew is 1:8, making it significantly stronger than other methods. To prepare a 6oz (177mL) serving, use 22.5 grams of coffee and 180 grams of water. This concentrated brew can be diluted with water or milk to your taste preference, creating a smoother and more balanced serving.

Adjusting Ratios for Taste Preference

drip coffee

When it comes to the perfect cup of coffee, everyone has their personal preferences. The key to a satisfying mug lies in adjusting the coffee-to-water ratio to suit your taste buds. In this section, we will discuss how strength and roast profiles affect your coffee experience and how experimenting with ratios can lead to a perfect brew.

Strength and Roast Profiles

Coffee strength can vary from strong to mild, depending primarily on the coffee-to-water ratio you use. For instance, a stronger cup of coffee might require a higher ratio of coffee grounds to water, such as 1:13, while a milder brew might call for a ratio of 1:17 or 1:18. Roast profiles, on the other hand, describe the degree to which coffee beans are roasted, ranging from light to dark. Dark roasted beans have a more robust flavor and lower acidity, while medium roasted beans offer a balance between acidity, aroma, and flavor. The type of coffee bean also plays a role in the overall taste, as beans from different regions and altitudes exhibit unique flavor profiles.

It's essential to take both strength and roast profiles into account when adjusting your coffee-to-water ratio. A darker roast might call for a lower ratio to avoid an overly bitter taste, whereas a medium roast may require a higher ratio to highlight its nuanced flavors. Play around with different bean types and roast profiles to find your ideal combination.

Experimenting with Ratios

Experimenting with coffee-to-water ratios is not only a fun process but also an essential step towards finding your perfect brew. Here are a few suggestions for experimenting with ratios:

  • Start with a standard ratio, like 1:17, as a baseline, and then adjust the coffee-to-water ratio based on your preference for strength and flavor.
  • Try different coffee beans and roast profiles to discover how your preferences change with various bean origins and roasting techniques.
  • Take note of your preferred ratios for different beans and roasts, so you can recreate your favorite brews consistently.

Remember that taste is subjective, and what might be the perfect cup of coffee for one person may not be the same for another. When experimenting with ratios, keep an open mind and have fun discovering what works best for you.

Extraction Troubleshooting

drip coffee

Coffee extraction is a crucial factor in brewing an ideal cup of drip coffee. The amount of grams of coffee per cup plays a significant role in achieving the desired flavor. To better understand and troubleshoot extraction issues, we'll explore over-extraction and under-extraction problems.

Over-extraction Issues

Over-extraction occurs when too many coffee compounds, including undesirable ones, dissolve during the brewing process, leading to a bitter taste. It can be caused by using an excessive amount of coffee, brewing for too long, or having the grind setting too fine. To address over-extraction issues, consider adjusting the following:

  • Reduce the coffee-to-water ratio: Less grams of coffee per cup might produce a more balanced flavor.
  • Adjust the brewing time: Shorten the brewing time to prevent excessive extraction.
  • Change the grind setting: Try using a coarser grind to slow down the extraction rate.

Under-extraction Issues

Under-extraction occurs when not enough coffee compounds are dissolved during the brewing process, resulting in a sour or weak taste. Issues related to under-extraction can stem from using too little coffee, brewing for too short a time, or having the grind setting too coarse. To resolve under-extraction problems, experiment with the following adjustments:

  • Increase the coffee-to-water ratio: Use more grams of coffee per cup to introduce a richer, more flavorful taste.
  • Adjust the brewing time: Lengthen the brewing time to allow for more thorough extraction.
  • Change the grind setting: A finer grind can speed up the extraction rate and improve the overall taste.

Maintaining a balanced extraction is the key to unlocking an enjoyable and delicious cup of drip coffee. By understanding the common issues associated with over-extraction and under-extraction and making adjustments accordingly, you can enhance your brewing experience and achieve a more satisfying result.


In conclusion, determining the optimal grams of coffee per cup for drip brewing depends on personal preferences and desired strength. Generally, a commonly used ratio is 1 gram of coffee for every 15 to 17 grams of water. However, variations in ratios can impact the taste and strength of the brewed coffee.

For example, some recommendations suggest using 13.5 grams of coffee for an 8-ounce cup, while others recommend 14 grams of coffee per 8-ounces of water (236 ml). If you prefer a stronger brew, you could use 16 grams of coffee for the same amount of water. Conversely, a milder brew could be achieved with a 1:13 coffee to water ratio.

Factors like the type of coffee beans, grind size, and brewing method also play a role in the final taste of the coffee. Explore the following guidelines to suit your preferences:

  • For a bold flavor: 1 gram of coffee for every 7 grams of water
  • For a classic combination: 6 to 7 grams of coffee for a 2-ounce serving
  • For a strong cup of coffee: 10:1 brewing ratio, 35.5 grams of coffee for every 355 ml of water

Ultimately, finding the perfect grams of coffee per cup for drip brewing requires some experimentation. By adjusting ratios and considering additional factors such as bean type, grind size, and brewing method, you'll be able to create a cup of coffee that perfectly suits your taste preferences.

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Tony Barlow

Tony Barlow

Majesty Coffee Technical Sales Expert - Meet the Team

Tony Barlow, with over a decade of experience in the coffee industry, is the go-to technical sales expert at Majesty Coffee. He's passionate about helping businesses find the right espresso equipment for their needs.

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